Know Your Rights as a Muslim Student
State law requires your school to protect you from harassment and discrimination:
- Schools MUST prohibit bullying based on religion, race and nationality.
- Schools MUST make their bullying policy public.
- Schools MUST have a process in place for investigating complaints of bullying. If you tell a teacher or another adult at school that you are getting bullied, they have to do something to help you.
Know Your Rights
Some Muslim students have reported that teachers treat them differently based on their country of origin.
- If a teacher makes a false statement about Islam, respectfully raise the issue during or after class.
- If any of the following situations occur, report it to your parents and the principal:
- If a teacher harrasses or punishes you for wearing your hijab or kufi.
- If a teacher makes fun of your name, country of origin, or religion, even in a joking way.
- If a teacher suggests that you should convert to a different religion.
Working With Teachers
- You have the right to wear your hijab or kufi at public school, even if there's a dress code or uniform requirement.
- If you do not wish to participate in school activities that would require you to remove your hijab, such as swimming, your school must provide an alternative activity for you.
- Schools cannot penalize students for missing school on religious holidays. You can request the day off in advance for Eid holidays.
- You are allowed to pray individually or as a group during the school day. CAIR advises you to choose a time to pray that does not coincide with school activities or class time.
- A school isn't required to provide a designated prayer room but can indicate what areas are available to students for prayer.
- You may be permitted to leave school for Juma'ah (Friday prayer). You must coordinate with school officials if you wish to do this.
Holidays and Prayer
What To Do If You Have Been Bullied
Bullying is repeated, aggressive behavior intended to hurt another person, physically or emotionally. Bullying can take place in person, through notes left on desks or lockers, text messages, or online via emails or social media. It can range from verbal insults to physical violence, and usually occurs over an extended period of time.
What Is Bullying?
- Pulling of headscarf or kufi
- Pressure to convert to another religion
- Insulting comments about Islam made in the classroom or at recess
- Physical abuse
Problems Muslim Students Face
Do's and Don'ts if You Are Bullied
- DO report to a teacher or other trusted adults at school; your school has a legal duty to protect you.
- DO let your parents know if you are being bullied or know of someone who is being bullied.
- DO NOT feel ashamed or embarrassed. It is not your fault.
- DO NOT retaliate with violence or name-calling; this could result in you being punished and not the bully.
Steps You Can Take
- Use any ignorance you encounter as an opportunity to educate others about your beliefs. But if someone repeatedly makes offensive comments about Islam, report it.
- Learn more about and be proud of your faith.
- Volunteer to give a presentation on Islam on school-sponsored diversity days.
- Know that your real friends will stand up for you.
- Bullying in all forms should never be tolerated by you or your school.
- Do not cut yourself off and think you must handle bullying by yourself. Talk to a parent, a teacher, or another adult you trust. They are your allies.
- Contact CAIR!
- Advise you on how to address your situation.
- Accompany you to meetings with administrators or meet with them on your behalf.
- Help you file a complaint if school administrators aren't taking effective action to stop the bullying.
- Help connect you with sources about your faith which you can share with administrators and teachers.
- Help connect you to counseling services to help deal with the stress of bullying.
- Even if you do not wish for CAIR to take action in your situation, it is still important to report what is happening, especially if your situation is like something described above. The more CAIR knows about what Muslim youth at school face, the better equipped the community can be to solve problems.